The first in history state standards for bicycle infrastructure (ДСТУ) have been developed by M.P. Shulgin National Road Science and Research Institute. It is the order of Kyiv Cyclists’ Association with support of ULEAD with Europe.
The state standards ‘Planning and Design of Bicycle Infrastructure’ contain general information on planning bicycle infrastructure and sections on its design on the streets, roads and intersections of settlements, as well as outside settlements and bicycle tracks. There are also requirements for the design and operation of bicycle infrastructure and bicycle parkings.
Ukrainian Scientific, Research and Educational Centre of Standardization, Certification, and Quality has to approve the standards.
Ukraine has lack of knowledge in the field of bicycle infrastructure design. One of the State Building Code’s parts, ДБН В.2.3-5:2017 ‘Streets and Roads of Cities and Towns’, was updated recently, with Kyiv Cyclists Association’s recommendations. This Code’s part contains new requirements for bicycling infrastructure design, but it is not enough for the development of unified bicycle infrastructure.
Ukrainian cities show much attention to this issue. In the recent years, cities’ road designers started gaining experience in bicycle infrastructure. But without unified standards, each city designs the infrastructure in their own way. It creates chaos in traffic organization, misunderstanding and discomfort for road users: cyclists, drivers, and pedestrians.
Picture: Bicycle route in Kyiv from Troeshchina to European Square (Europeiska Ploshcha)
What are bicycle state standards based on?
In 2013-2014, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in cooperation with Kyiv Cyclists’ Association translated German Recommendations on bicycle traffic organization (ERA). These recommendations have been developed by German Roads and Transportation Science and Research Institute. They are actively utilized for the design of bicycle infrastructure in Germany. These standards have been partially included into the State Building Code ‘Roads and Streets of Cities and Towns’.
Based on ERA, as well as on other international modern standards of bicycle infrastructure, Kyiv Cyclists’ Association prepared the technical brief for Shulgin Institute, to develop modern Ukrainian standards for bicycle infrastructure.
What is the purpose?
Final results of using bicycle state standards should be:
- Formalization of approach to bicycle infrastructure planning,
- Description of bicycle infrastructure measures and requirements,
- Increasing safety for cyclists through the bicycle infrastructure construction.
The new term ‘bicycle infrastructure’ will be introduced in the bicycle governmental standards. The standards are supposed to activate the process of bicycle infrastructure construction and to help the road designers to plan and design the infrastructure objects for different road types, streets, and for separated bicycle routes. In addition to that, bicycle standards will offer the practical steps to design bicycle infrastructure: how to design bicycle crossing through the intersection, what kind of infrastructure to choose for each road type, etc.
All state standards (ДСТУ) are not obligatory in Ukraine but recommended. In the case with bicycle standards, we see it as an advantage, because it gives the opportunity to see which engineering solutions work well in Ukrainian cities.
Who will follow the state standards?
All types of organizations, governmental, private, and non-profit, may use bicycle standards for planning, designing, and construction of bicycle infrastructure on public roads, streets, and separately from the roads (in the woods).
What advantage will the bicyclists have from the standards?
The state standards should become the unified methodological base for planning and designing of bicycle infrastructure. They will allow to increase bicyclists’ safety through the design and construction of bicycle infrastructure.
The standards should help with improving traffic conditions, increasing road safety, and decreasing the motorized transport’s impact on environment, especially in the urban areas. Bicycle standards will bridge legislative gap in bicycling and help to implement bicycle master plans in Ukrainian cities.
Since 2013, Kyiv Cyclists Association experts have been helping Ukrainian municipalities to plan and to construct bicycle infrastructure. In 2013-2014, our experts helped to develop master plans for Kharkiv, Donetsk, Chernivtsi, towns Bila Tserkva and Ukrainka in Kyiv oblast. In 2015, AVK experts consulted Zhytomyr, Mykolaiv, Poltava, Cherkasy, Kryvyi Rig, Vyshgorod, Brovary, and Myrgorod in their bicycle master plans development. In February 2018, Kyiv City Council approved Kyiv Cycling Concept, which was developed together with AVK.
In 2018, AVK helped to design bicycle infrastructure in 5 amalhamated hromadas as a part of the project ‘Green Light for Cycling in Hromadas’. AVK’s participation in this project gave us an opportunity to place the order for bicycle state standards development.
Kyiv Cyclists Association is implementing project ‘Зелене світло для велоруху в громадах / Green Light for Cycling in Hromadas’ with the support of Ukraine Program for rising the rights and opportunities on the local level, reporting and developing ULEAD with Europe. This project is financed by European Union and its members Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Poland, and Sweden.
The news is translated by Iryna Bondarenko and Maryna Bludsha